“The century that was( 20th century)!” Give an account of three events that tookplace during the century which have had a lasting Impact on the world.
- Introduction: The 20th century was a turning point in the history of mankind.
- The independence of India on 15th August 1947.symbolised the victory of non-violence, ahimsa and truth. Blazed a new trail to resolve disputes.
- The dropping of two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
- Formation of the United Nations Organisation. to resolve future conflicts.
- Manned flight to the Moon. A precursor to the revolution in communication and entertainment.
- Conclusion: An eventful century, which changed the face of the world, and shall propel mankind to greater heights.
India in 20th Century Essay
The 20th century was a turning point in the history of mankind. It heralded the great industrial revolution, during which giant strides were made in the field of science and technology. This led to a social and technological renaissance in the society. It also brought to the fore the communist revolution, spearheaded by the revolutionary thoughts of Karl Marx and the final predominance of free enterprise by the close of the century. The period was very eventful and studded with important events, which would impact the future of mankind. However, the three most significant events of the century that had a lasting impact on the world were the following.
The emergence of India as an independent country on 15th August 1947. It symbolised the end of colonialism and the victory of nonviolence, ahimsa and truth, over the forces of violence and falsehood. The new path of non violence, blazed by Mahatma Gandhi, for getting freedom from the mighty imperialist British, was an eye-opener for the world. It offered a ray of hope to the world, which had seen two world wars in quick succession. It brought home the subtle message, that conflicts and disputes could be resolved without resorting to violence and bloodshed. The world belatedly recognised his greatness and the `Times’ magazine after a worldwide poll, named him the man of the century.
Gandhiji’s philosophy was further strengthened, when America dropped two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. The havoc and destruction that it brought in its wake, stirred the conscience of the world, bringing it face to face with the prospect of annihilation of mankind. This realisation led nations to form the United Nations Organization, so that future conflicts could be avoided and issues could be resolved by debate and discussions. It is another matter that this world body has not been able to effectively resolve conflicts and some countries are still at war. However, it offers a forum for peaceful dialogue and a mechanism to reduce violent flashpoints across the world.
The third major event happened in the year 1965, when Neil Armstrong set foot on the Moon exclaiming, “A small step, but a giant stride for man.” This small step indeed, was the culmination of the rapid strides made in the field of science and technology. ‘the-Apollo 11 spaceship, that took him and his crew members to the lunar surface, was th6 result of numerous years’ of hard work and dedication put in by innumerable scientists arid’ technicians. It unfolded many mysteries of the universe, and increased our understanding of the planet. It also led to other more daring voyages to the Moon, and unmanned flights to the Mars. The ventures were a precursor to the great satellite revolution, which revolutionised communication and entertainment. They reduced the world to one global village, by enabling people to see and communicate with one another, on the click of a mouse. The offshoots of this revolution were Cable TV, mobile phones, satellite ,hone, and the Internet, which offer communication and entertainment facilities, that were unheard’ of before.
Undoubtedly, the 20th century was an eventful period, during which many significant events besides the above took place. However to my mind the above three major events were landmarks, which changed the face of the world, and would continue to mankind to greater heights.